Multiple Sclerosis Linked to Food Bug: Bacterial Toxin May Trigger Disease
Jan 29, 2014 07:29 AM EST | By Staff Writer
You might to be careful about what you eat. It turns out that a certain toxin from common, foodborne bacteria could trigger multiple sclerosis. The findings show how important it is to test food safety in order to make sure what we eat isn't contaminated.
Like Us on Facebook
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory disease of the nervous system. It's characterized by blood brain permeability (BBB) and demyelination. This is a process in which the insulating myelin sheathes are damage. The disease itself is thought to be triggered in a genetically susceptible individual by one or more environmental factors; what these environmental factors are, though, have remained unknown--at least until now.
The researchers found that epsilon toxin could be triggering MS. This toxin is produced by certain strains of Clostridium perfringens, which is a spore-forming bacterium that's one of the most common causes of foodborne illness in the United States. This toxin targets the brain cells associated with MS pathology.
"We provide evidence that supports epsilon toxin's ability to cause BBB permeability and show that epsilon toxin kills the brain's myelin producing cells, oligodendrocytes; the same cells that die in MS lesions," said Jennifer Linden, one of the researchers, in a news release. "We also show that epsilon toxin targets other cell types associated with MS inflammation such as the retinal vascular and meningeal cells. Epsilon toxin may be responsible for triggering MS."
These findings are particularly important. If confirmed that epsilon toxin is a trigger for MS, scientists could potentially develop a neutralizing antibody or vaccine directed against epsilon toxin. This, in turn, could halt the progression of the disease or prevent it from even developing. Needless to say, that's an important step when it comes to the safety of our food.
The findings were presented at the 2014 ASM Biodefense and Emerging Diseases Research Meeting.
Kitchen technology’s advancing to a point that we as children only dreamed about while we watched “The Jetsons” growing up, and there’s a wide variety of new inventions set to make life easier when it’s time to cook – including, most recently, an actual robot chef!
Kim Kardashian Diet: What’s Her Secret For Keeping Her Famous Curvaceous Body? Kim Kardashian Reveals How!
Kim Kardashian diet? Recently, famous Kim Kardashian revealed what's really inside her diet to keep her slim and fit. It is not anymore surprising that she has a chef and a nutritionist to keep her daily diet in the right track. But what's there in her diet that everyone seems to be interested to know about?
Miracle Berry has been very famous in Chicago thanks to an Irving Park coffee shop, Berrista, which was owned by late famed chef Homaro Cantu who initiated the use of this fruit for their miracle pastries. The coffee shop became well known for this fruit that makes sour foods taste sweet.
Just today, February 25, 2015, Yahoo! Food posts the secret weapon ingredients used by Star Chefs to achieve the most palatable dishes at home or in a restaurant. The said website revealed the top 10 magical ingredients that can turn home-cooked meals into top class restaurant tastes.
For those who love to have a nice glass of wine or beer during the weekends - which is just about everyone or almost -, there's a new way to keep the guessing out of the way you choose what to drink: the Next Glass app chooses drinks according to what you love!
U.S. Consumers, Ready To Accept Genetically Modified, Nanotech Products If It Is Healthy And Safe, New Survey Reveals
A national survey done by the North Carolina State University and the University of Minnesota representatives suggests that most U.S. consumers are ready to accept genetically modified and nanotech products if it is enhanced with nutrition and are safe.