Raw Milk Warnings Push Louisiana Lawmakers to Amend Law
Apr 07, 2016 04:57 AM EDT | By Chandan Das
While lawmakers in Louisiana are considering whether they should allow sales of raw milk on-farm, health officials in Tennessee and Utah are voicing the federal warning issued in March regarding the threat of consuming raw milk, as they are prone to cause outbreaks and deaths.
According to rough estimates by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 3 percent Americans drink raw milk, which is unpasteurized; forcing it to renew its warnings regarding the practice in March this year.
Louisiana has proposed to change a law that includes a stipulation that would necessitate raw milk producers to test for coliform. Data released by Utah health officials revealed that such tests did not help to put off or detect a deadly outbreak there in 2014, Food Safety News reported.
Scientists at Utah's health and agriculture departments confirmed that routine somatic cell and coliform counts in raw milk do not make it safe for consumption. They further said that there is a need to educate consumers about the fact that raw milk may possibly be unsafe even after fulfilling the routine testing standards.
The warning issued by authorities in Utah cites a deadly outbreak in 2014 associated with raw milk from an anonymous dairy. The data states that though "Dairy A" followed the Utah law, and submitted raw milk samples every month to the state for somatic cell and coliform counts, the safety measure failed.
As many as 99 people died between May 9 and Nov. 6, 2014, including one who was infected with Campylobacter jejuni that was later identified in the raw milk from the dairy. Of the 99 dead, 59 said that they drank raw milk from "Dairy A" about 10 days before falling ill. Another 40 patients said they either drank raw milk from the dairy or came into contact with another outbreak victim.
Meanwhile, health officials in Tennessee joined the recent chorus of public health officials and scientists cautioning about the potential life-threatening pathogens present in unpasteurized or raw milk. The Tennessee warning came early this as reinforcement to a similar caution issued last month by CDC.
The CDC warning March 18 came after the agency discovered two Listeria monocytogenes patients - one of whom succumbed to the ailment - had been infected in 2014 by the same pathogen isolate that officials in California had detected in samples of raw milk from an organic dairy in Pennsylvania.
Way back in 2014, the CDC reported on data assembled from outbreaks related to raw milk in the U.S. from 2007 through 2012. The salient features of the CDC report are as below:
- 81 outbreaks across 26 states because of raw milk consumption;
- 979 infections total from the outbreaks;
- 73 patients hospitalized;
- Most ailments caused by Campylobacter, Escherichia coli O157, or Salmonella;
- 81 percent of the outbreaks occurred in states where raw milk sale was legal at the time.