Job loss increases death risk while recession doesn't: Study

Jul 25, 2014 02:55 PM EDT | By Staff Reporter

Close

Being unemployed increases your risk of death, but recessions lower it, according to new research.

However, this increased death risk affects only a minority of the people who are unemployed.

 "Most people believe that being unemployed is a bad thing. But what many people do not realize is that economic expansions - which usually reduce joblessness - also have effects that are harmful for society at large," said Jose Tapia, an economist with Drexel University's college of arts and sciences.

Using data from the US Department of Labor and annual survey data of the years 1979-1997, researchers from Drexel University and University of Michigan in Ann Arbor created models in which the hazard or probability of death was statistically estimated.

"The results reveal that joblessness strongly and significantly raises the risk of death among those suffering it," researchers said.

"The increase in the risk of death associated with being unemployed is very strong," said Tapia, "but it is restricted to unemployed persons, who generally are a small fraction of the population, even in a severe recession. Compared with the increase in the risk of death among the unemployed, the decrease of the mortality risk associated with a weakening economy is small, but the benefit spreads across the entire adult population. The compound result of both effects is that total mortality rises in expansions and falls in recessions."

Entitled "Individual Joblessness, Contextual Unemployment, and Mortality Risk," the study was published in July 2014 in the American Journal of Epidemiology, a leading journal in the field of public health. In addition to Tapia, it was conducted by four investigators - sociologist James S. House, PhD; statistician Edward L. Ionides, PhD; sociologist Sarah Burgard, PhD; and economist Robert S. Schoeni, PhD - from the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. The full article is available here.

© 2018 Food World News. All rights reserved. Do not reproduce without permission.

SHARE YOUR THOUGHTS

Get the Most Popular Food Stories in a Weekly Newsletter
Food Biz
Savory And Sweet Bites Perfect For Independence Day

Savory And Sweet Bites Perfect For Independence Day

While there's a wealth of cocktails to celebrate Independence Day, it's not easy to come by dishes that get into the spirit. The ones out there though are super fun!

Hotel San Francisco's New Subterranean Glam Rock Bar, Downunder

Hotel San Francisco's New Subterranean Glam Rock Bar, Downunder

Hotel San Francisco, a trendy bar in the Financial District named in reference to the Eagles song Hotel California, has officially opened its new downstairs extension, Downunder.

Food Tech
Here's How Nestlé's Sweet Earth Stays True To Its Roots, With Plant-Based Awesome Burger On The Horizon

Here's How Nestlé's Sweet Earth Stays True To Its Roots, With Plant-Based Awesome Burger On The Horizon

The plant-based meat industry is fast moving into the next phase of growth, and a hot topic at the Plant Based World Conference and Expo in New York

Mobile Apps

5 Best Apps To Help Track Your Macronutrients

However this is not all that the body needs. It’s not only about keeping out too many calories, but ensuring at the same time you are putting in all the right nutrients.

Real Time Analytics